Lampros - Weird Bricks

nginx with php with Concrete5 CMS - incomplete

12 February, 2012 | Concrete5

This post is "incomplete" because although Concrete5 is installed correctly and works, I can't get pretty links to work right with nginx. Maybe this will still be useful for somebody! ...

Hey all,

In this post we'll see how to setup nginx with PHP support and as an example set up Concrete5 CMS.

This post has been partially based on this post and the nginx PHP configuration on this one.


Let's get started:

1. Make sure those packages are installed so they don't have to be installed by the ports.

pkg_add -r tcl85 wget curl unzip

2. Install nginx from ports:

cd /usr/ports/www/nginx;time make install clean

When prompted for the nginx options make sure you add HTTP_SSL_MODULE:

took less than a minute to compile.

3. Install PHP5:

cd /usr/ports/lang/php5;time make install clean

Take the default options and continue.

This took about 3 minutes.

4. Now install the PHP5 extensions:

cd /usr/ports/lang/php5-extensions/;time make install clean

When prompted for the php5-extensions 1.5 options make sure to add:

Make sure to remove:

Also remove:

take the default options for all other ports.

This took about 6 minutes.

5. Install spawn-fcgi to start/stop PHP:

pkg_add -r spawn-fcgi

6. Start spawn-fcgi:

/usr/local/bin/spawn-fcgi -a -p 9000 -u www -g www -f /usr/local/bin/php-cgi

7. Make sure it's working:

sockstat -4 | grep 9000

You should see something like:

www      php-cgi    42253 0  tcp4        *:*

8. Edit /etc/rc.conf and add nginx and spawn-fastcgi so they start up when FreeBSD boots up:

ee /etc/rc.conf

add the lines:


From now on to start/stop/restart spawn-fastcgi do the following:

/usr/local/etc/rc.d/spawn-fcgi start


/usr/local/etc/rc.d/spawn-fcgi stop


/usr/local/etc/rc.d/spawn-fcgi restart

Same with nginx:

/usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx start


/usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx stop


/usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx restart

9. Create the directories for Concrete5 and enter that directory:

mkdir /var/www; cd /var/www

10. Download the source code of Concrete5 (latest version as of the time this post was written: 5.5.1 - January 23, 2012)


11. Rename the file:

mv index.html

12. Unzip:


13. Move the files to the correct location:

mv concrete5.5.0/* .

14. Change the permissions:

chown -R www:www config/ packages/ files/

15. Enter the nginx directory:

cd /usr/local/etc/nginx/

16. Edit the nginx.conf file:

ee nginx.conf

delete all lines and replace with:

worker_processes  1;
error_log  /var/log/error.log;  
events { worker_connections  1024; }  
http {
    include       mime.types;     
    default_type  application/octet-stream;     
    sendfile        on;     
    keepalive_timeout  65;      

    server {         
        listen       80;         
        server_name  localhost;         
        root   /var/www/;          

        location / {                  
            try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php;         
    include fastcgi_params;     

17. Edit the fastcgi_params file:

ee fastcgi_params

Replace the contents with:

fastcgi_intercept_errors on;  
location ~ .php { 
fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING       $query_string; 
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD     $request_method; 
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE       $content_type; 
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH     $content_length;  
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name; 
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name; 
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_URI        $request_uri; 
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_URI       $document_uri; 
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_ROOT      $document_root; 
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PROTOCOL    $server_protocol;  
fastcgi_param  GATEWAY_INTERFACE  CGI/1.1; 
fastcgi_param  SERVER_SOFTWARE    nginx/$nginx_version;  
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr; 
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port; 
fastcgi_param  SERVER_ADDR        $server_addr; 
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port; 
fastcgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;  
fastcgi_index  index.php;

18. Restart nginx and fastcgi

/usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx restart


/usr/local/etc/rc.d/spawn-fcgi restart

19. Try out Concrete5:
Use a browser and point to your FreeBSD box:


You should see this:

20. Before clicking 'Continue to installation', go to MySQL, we need to create a database for Concrete5:


You'll get the MySQL prompt:


Create the database:

create database concrete5;

You should get this as confirmation:

mysql> create database concrete5; 
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

20. Go back to the web interface. Click 'Continue to installation'

21. You'll get this screen: